Crop Information and Pesticide Applicator Training

Crop Information

Hay Pricing App

To help farmers and landowners identify the price of hay, and/or negotiate the sale or purchase of standing hay, a UW-Extension educator just published a free Smartphone app that can quickly find hay price information. Users of this app can also enter projected hay yield, cutting schedule and harvest costs to calculate a standing value per acre. The app is free and available for Android smart phones and tablets on the Google Play store by searching for “Hay Pricing” or go to:

For more information, contact Greg Blonde, Waupaca County UW-Extension, 715-258-6230 or

Fertilizer Applications

“Nutrient Application Guidelines for Field, Vegetable, and Fruit Crops in Wisconsin” (Publication No. A2809) authored by UW Soil Scientists Carrie Laboski and John Peters is the best source of information for determining how much fertilizer, if any, is needed for most crops grown in Wisconsin.

Provided in the table (link below) are nitrogen rate guidelines from A2809 for common forage and bioenergy crops. Before making supplemental nitrogen applications to compensate for nitrogen losses, please first double-check the recommended rate in order to adjust appropriately.

Wisconsin uses the Maximum Return to Nitrogen (MRTN) method for calculating nitrogen applications to corn, corn silage, and wheat. Those crops and much more detail can be found in the nitrogen chapter of A2809.

Nitrogen Rate Guidelines table and brief article (.pdf)

(Hardcopies of most UW-Extension publications can be ordered online at, where most publications can be also be read online. Many publications are also available at the Taylor County and other county UW-Extension offices.)

Wisconsin’s Farm Equipment Custom Rate Guide

This publication summarizes rates paid by farmers for custom work in 2013.  The figures are based on reports by: farmers who hire custom work, custom operators who perform work, and machinery dealers who rent out equipment.   Wisconsin Custom Rate Guide 2017(.pdf)

Pesticide Applicator Training (PAT)

A Taylor County training session and exam for PAT is scheduled for February 11, 2020, from 9:00 a.m. to approximately 3:30 p.m. at the County/USDA Ag Service Center, 925 Donald St in Medford. Please pre-register and pick up a manual at the Extension Office in the same building. Pre-register by February 19 – no walk-ins. The fee is $35 and includes the PAT manual and other materials. Payment may be in cash or by check. A lunch break will be taken, but lunch is not included in the fee. Please bring a bag lunch or plan on driving off campus to purchase a meal.

Pesticide applicators who need to or would like to get certified or re-certified may do so by attending a training session and taking the exam at that time or by self-study of the materials and making arrangements with any Extension Office to take the exam. The exam is an open-book exam. Those attending a training session and taking the exam at that time need at least 50% to pass. Self-study applicants must receive at least 70% to pass. For more information, contact Sandy Stuttgen, Taylor County Ag Agent. 715-748-3327 ext. 1.

Wisconsin requires that any person taking a certification exam must provide positive identification including a photo I.D. (e.g. a driver’s license) and their Social Security number. If you do not have a Social Security number, you must use the Application and Affidavit for Professional/Occupational License from the Wisconsin Department of Children and Families. A  copy of this form is available from the UW-Extension Office. Note that the form must be notarized. Make sure to have the necessary identification with you when you come in.

The exam questions may not be read for another person.  You must notify Sandy Stuttgen, Taylor County Agriculture Educator, or WDATCP if you have difficulty in reading or understanding the English language.  You must score at least 70% to pass the exam.

The Environmental Protection Agency and the State of Wisconsin require that all users of restricted-use pesticides be trained, certified, and re-certified every five years (licenses expire on December 31).  Although principally designed for certification of applicators using pesticides classified as restricted-use, this program is intended for all pesticide applicators whether or not you use restricted-use pesticides. Most private applicators (farmers, orchardist, greenhouse growers, nursery operator, etc.) are certified in the General Farming Base Category, which applies to production of any agricultural commodity.

For more information, please visit the University of Wisconsin Pesticide Applicator Training webpage.